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The Qualification Statuses of Community Pharmacy Managers in Nairobi County, Kenya

Author: Mugumura J.R.
Is Part Of: Pharmaceutical Journal of Kenya, Volume 23, No. 1 (2016)
The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of qualified community pharmacy managers. The indicators for qualification included pharmacy training, registration with the Pharmacy Board, professional body affiliation and continuous medical education. It was executed in Nairobi County. Twenty six electoral wards were selected randomly. Mapping of the selected clusters yielded a study sample of 477 community pharmacies. A self-administered, structured questionnaire in English was administered to the pharmacy managers.
The response rate was 57.4% with roughly half below 30 years of age while 93% were below 45 years of age. Slightly over half of the respondents were males while the rest were female. Over 62% had diploma level education while 18.6% were degree holders. About 19% had either post-secondary certificates or were secondary school leavers. About two thirds had pharmacy experience ranging 0-5 years while 29% had 6-10 years’ experience. Only 4.7% had over 10 years’ experience. The majority of respondents (92.3%) had some form of pharmacy training. Out of these, 16% had a pharmacy degree, 68% diploma and 16% pharmacy certificates. This means only 75% of respondents had acceptable qualifications (pharmacy degree or diploma). Similarly, 77% had Pharmacy and Poisons Board registration. About 70% belonged to professional bodies while 73% regularly attended continuous medical education. Of those affiliated to professional bodies, 28% were affiliated to the Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya, 68% to Kenya Pharmaceutical Association and about 4% belonged to other professional bodies.
The majority of community pharmacy managers met the qualification criteria. However, about 25% did not meet the minimum acceptable level of training, and were therefore not licensed by the regulator. This situation raises concern given the sensitivity of the position. It is recommended that pharmacists and pharmaceutical technologists should combine forces with the regulatory authority to eliminate illegal operators.

Keywords: Highest level of education, pharmacy training status, qualification, regulatory approval, professional body membership, continuous medical education.
Publisher: The Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya