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Assessment Of The Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Industry In Kenya In Regard To Self Sufficiency In Essential Medicines

Author: Vugigi S. K. , Ogaji I. J. and Thoithi G. N.
Is Part Of: Pharmaceutical Journal of Kenya, Volume 22, No. 3 (2015)
Kenya National Pharmaceutical Policy (2012) encourages local production of essential medicines. Pharmaceutical manufacturing industry in Kenya currently consists of 30 companies accredited by the Pharmacy and Poisons Board of Kenya. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry in Kenya towards essential medicines demand.
Dosage forms produced locally, registered pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical lists in Kenya were evaluated. Subsequently, pharmaceutical equivalents of 150 locally manufactured essential medicines were determined.
Solid dosage forms were the majority (54.9%) of local products. Locally manufactured products accounted for 14.5% of registered products. Local firms manufactured 38.4% of products listed as essential medicines. Ninety one percent (91.0%) of products stocked by Kenya Medical Supplies Authority were essential medicines. The overall percentage of local pharmaceutical equivalents was 32.4%.
Kenya depends heavily on imported pharmaceutical products for her essential medicines needs.

Keywords: Essential medicines, local pharmaceutical industry, pharmaceutical product, self sufficiency.
Publisher: The Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya