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A review on the role of the pharmacist in a patient–centered healthcare system: Re-aligning healthcare to people’s needs

Author: Orwa J.A.
Is Part Of: Pharmaceutical Journal of Kenya, Volume 24, No. 1 (2019)
Abstract:
Background: Patient-centered care model of healthcare acknowledges inter-profession team-based care and the need of care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values. The contribution of the pharmacist in this paradigm can provide important benefits within primary healthcare systems through collaborative medication therapy management, providing education and drug information, promotion of patient self-management, improved effective communication and personalized medicine.
Aim of the Review: The main aim of this review was to assess the impact of the pharmacist in a collaborative patient centered healthcare system.
Method: The review involved keyword searches of electronic databases, including MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Google Scholar. Review search terms included ‘patient centered healthcare’, ‘role of pharmacist in patient centered healthcare’, ‘impact of pharmacists’ intervention on medication discrepancies’ and ‘collaborative healthcare’. Using the search outputs, the impact of pharmacists in collaborative patient–centered healthcare system is described.
Results: Inclusion of pharmacists in collaborative healthcare programs have shown improved management of chronic diseases and reduced healthcare cost. A number of publications reported the importance of the pharmacist as valuable health care personnel in the collaborative healthcare model albeit others recognizing limitations and the need for the pharmacist to know more about the patient population and the unique healthcare provider needs of every team.
Conclusion: Contributions of pharmacists to the Health Care team is essential toward improving the quality of patient care, improving the coordination of medicines and pharmaceutical care, ensuring rational use of medicines and reducing medicines waste. The pharmacist being able to identify distinctiveness of every heath provider in a team and patient needs to facilitate improved participation may well be a stimulus for further research.

Keywords: role, pharmacist, patient-centred healthcare system
Publisher: The Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya
ISSN: 2411-6386
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